Orthodontics is a specialized field of dentistry which deals specifically with the identification, diagnosis, and treatment of malformations of teeth and jaw alignments, and other misaligned bite habits. It may also specialize in correcting facial growth, called dentofacial orthodontics. However, orthodontics isn't restricted to simply face and teeth issues. They also work on the lips, gums, ears, and necks. Some orthodontists even specialize in rehabilitation and prosthetics.
Orthodontics, just like other forms of dentistry, is composed of a number of specialties, including braces, appliances, lab appliances, and more. While braces are most commonly found in orthodontics, there are some instances where they're used elsewhere in the dental industry. Other types of dental procedures include endodontics, which is the study of teeth malocclusions; periodontics, which are the treatment of gum disease and other forms of dental decay and injury; and sedation dentistry, which utilize sedation to help patients undergoing some types of cosmetic or reconstructive dental work. Orthodontics may also refer their patients to general dentists for common oral health issues.
The primary goal of Maryland orthodontics, therefore, is to ensure that people have straight, healthy teeth and jaws. Straight teeth allow a person's mouth to look its best. Overbite and underline, however, can cause many issues for people of all ages. People with crooked, elongated, or crowded jaws are often considered overweight or obese, which affects their self-esteem and confidence levels.
Alignments and appliances used by orthodontists help to realign the teeth and bite. There are two common types of orthodontic care: straightening with implants. These orthodontics require patients to have general dentistry, including teeth cleanings, examinations, fillings, crowns, bridges, orthodontic headgear, braces, retainers, etc. Braces are typically worn from childhood until adulthood.
Some orthodontics use traditional tools and devices such as appliances and removable splints. Splints are often used to reposition the jaw's teeth. Sometimes, these splints are worn overnight at night, while other times they are worn during the day. If the splints are used too frequently, they can wear off over time and need to be replaced.
An alternate form of orthodontics that can correct both overbite and undersized jaws include tooth reinforcers. The tooth reinforcer is actually a metal bar with teeth embedded in its surface. A patient applies the reinforcer to their teeth at night and removes it the next morning. Because the teeth are so closely situated to each other, they are difficult to remove during the day, which limits the number of times the orthodontist must visit his office.
Read additional details here: https://www.britannica.com/science/orthodontics